Growing Small Red Hot Chili Pepper Vegetable Garden Seeds
- Latin Name: Capsicum annuum
- Other Names: Hot chili peppers; chiles, chilies
- Days to Maturity: 85 days
- Hardiness Zone: All USDA zones when grown as an annual garden vegetable
- Planting Depth: 1/4”
- Plant Spacing: 12-24” in rows; 14-16" in raised beds
- Row Spacing: 2-3’
- Growth Habit: 24-36" tall; 1/2" x 1" peppers with a pointed end
- Soil Preference: Moist, well-drained loamy soil; slightly acidic to neutral pH
- Temp Preference: 60-75 degrees F at night; below 90 degrees F during the day
- Light Preference: Full sun
- Pests/diseases: Aphids, whiteflies, cutworms, pepper maggots, Colorado potato beetles, tarnished plant bug, Verticillium wilt, mosaic virus, blossom end rot
- Color: Light green to bright red chili peppers; white flowers; green foliage
- Flavor: Spicy
Small Hot Red Chili Pepper Seed Growth Habits:
The seeds of red hot chili pepper plants should be started indoors approximately 8 to 10 weeks prior to transplanting outdoors in the garden. Because chili peppers prefer warm weather and do not tolerate frost, it's a good idea to transplant chili pepper seedlings into the garden 2 to 3 weeks after your last frost date. If nighttime temperatures fall below 60 degrees F, it may cause your plants to yield fewer chili peppers because of reduced fruit set. Hot chili pepper plants that are given full sun and are watered regularly will grow into upright, bushy plants that stands 2-3' tall. Mulching around hot chili pepper plants is recommended to keep the moisture level in the soil even. You should have hot chilies ready for harvesting approximately 85 days after transplanting chili pepper plants into your garden.
Various Uses for Small Red Hot Chili Peppers:
Small hot red chili peppers are widely used around the world to create spicy, flavorful dishes. They can be used fresh or dried and powdered.
Small Red Hot Chili Pepper Benefits:
Chili peppers are high in Vitamin C and antioxidant carotenoids. Antioxidant concentrations are higher in ripe, red hot peppers than immature green chilies.
Because the capsaicin in hot chili peppers can cause a burning sensation, it's important to use caution when cutting hot peppers open to cook with them. The white pith surrounding the seeds has the highest levels of capsaicin. Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly after cooking with hot peppers and avoid touching your face and eyes, which can be more sensitive to the effects of capsaicin.
Seeds Per Package:
- 500 mg - Approximately 60 Seeds
- 0.25 oz - Approximately 850 Seeds
- 1 oz - Approximately 3,400 Seeds
- 4 oz - Approximately 13,600 Seeds
- 1 lb - Approximately 54,400 Seeds
- 5 lb - Approximately 272,000 Seeds