Ashleigh Smith + photo

Ashleigh Smith

Dec 2
2 min read
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What is Compost?

You've heard it time and time again, add compost to your garden for better soil. But what is it? And why should you be adding it to your garden?

Compost is a mixture of once living material that is decomposed by organisms like insects and microbes, enabling the nutrient compounds to be used by living plants. Increasing your organic matter has all sorts of benefits. It increases soil drainage and water capacity, reduces soil compaction, and provides an organic source of nutrients.

There is no man made material that can match the benefits of good organic matter. In areas of high agricultural production like the Pacific Northwest you will find high concentrations of naturally occurring organic matter. This is what causes the soil to appear so dark and “fluffy” in appearance compared to other areas.

The properties of reduced soil compaction and moisture retention create ideal growing conditions for healthy plants and crop production as root systems are able to have adequate room to expand and take up nutrients.

How to Compost?

  • Buy or build a bin about 3ft x 3ft
  • Add green organic materials like plants, fruit and vegetables and their peelings, and kitchen waste (excluding all meat products as they can lead to harmful pathogen populations in your compost).
  • Layer the green organic materials with brown materials like newspaper, leaves, and wood chips/shreds/dust as available.
  • Keep your compost pile moist and aerated by turning the pile every 2-4 weeks. During the winter months you will want to turn your pile less often as it will take longer for the center to build up heat.
  • Depending on the size of your pile and the materials used the compost should be ready to use in a matter of a few weeks up to a year.

To start getting the benefits of compost today, try our Worm Castings. Worm castings are the byproduct of worms decomposing organic materials. The best part of using worm castings is that they are a clean, nearly odorless gardening manure compost that can be used in place of smellier, messier cow manures. It is also more convenient than keeping your own earthworms for gardens! Use worm castings for both indoor and outdoor plants.

Ashleigh Smith's photo

I'm Ashleigh Smith, a native to Northern Utah. I first gained a love of gardening with my grandmother as I helped her each summer. I decided to make a career of it and have recently graduated with a Bachelor's degree in Horticulture from Brigham Young University - Idaho. My studies have focused on plant production while I also have experience in Nursery & Garden Center Operations.

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Janelle Huston AKA Garden Glam Goddess

I loved your article. It was very nice. It is always interesting to learn about the language of flowers. This is a wonderful advertisement for a gift that can be given to friends and nonromantic relationships. Perfect for “Galentine’s Day” and “Palentine’s Day.” Thank you.


I learned a lot from this article! We give our cat wheatgrass but never knew how good it was for them! I just bought some seeds to grow our own so our cat can have it all the time.

Kathie Hitt

This is amazing! I had no idea you could grow your own popping corn. Will be definitely adding to my fall gardening plan to surprise my family. Thank you!


Thank you for the helpful information! As a beginner gardener it has been tempting to start everything indoors. It’s helpful to know that it best to directly sow some crops.


Beauty berry is one of my favorites bug repelling plants. Great article.


I love nasturtiums. Great article.