Agriculture is defined as the science of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock to be marketed and sold.
Agriculture has several segments to it. The different types of agriculture include: Nomadic Herding, Livestock Ranching, Shifting Cultivation, Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage, Intensive Subsistence Farming, Commercial Plantations, Mediterranean Agriculture, Commercial Grain Farming, Mixed Farming, Dairy Farming, and Specialized Horticulture. This list may seem kind of overwhelming if you don’t know what some of the above words mean. To simply put it, agriculture is divided into types based on the end product, geographical area of practice, weather influence, how land is used, and the lifestyle of the farmers.
The history of agriculture goes back to the first civilizations in the Middle East (Fertile Crescent), Central America, and China. The start of agriculture is marked by the origin of cultivation, rather than the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Some of the first crops included corn (teosinte), rice, potatoes, and squash.
As people developed better technology and knowledge agriculture also made advancements enabling the process of growing food easier, and more reliable. The ancient Greeks are credited with some of the first advancements when it comes to grafting plants for advantageous traits. Soon this knowledge would also lead to advancements in animal farming.
In the 1700’s sheep and cattle would be bred for better meat and wool production making them a greater asset to people. Many advancements would be made over the coming centuries as Charles Darwin would publish his well known book On the Origins of Species and Friar Gregor Mendel would begin his pea plant experiments. As genetics became better understood we have pursued greater innovations allowing for less hunger worldwide and more sustainable practices.
Today agricultural practices in the United States are monitored by the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). They are made up of 29 agencies whose purpose is to, “provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on public policy, the best available science, and effective management.”
Agriculture is continually evolving to be better. One of the most important focuses of current progress is with regards to regenerative agriculture. This includes the advancement of sustainable practices. Today we realize how important soil health is not only for good food production, but to the longevity of our farms. Without healthy soils, how can we expect our land to be productive?
About the Author
I'm Ashleigh Smith, a native to Northern Utah. I first gained a love of gardening with my grandmother as I helped her each summer. I decided to make a career of it and have recently graduated with a Bachelor's degree in Horticulture from Brigham Young University - Idaho. My studies have focused on plant production while I also have experience in Nursery & Garden Center Operations.
Become a True Leaf Market Brand Ambassador! You’ll enjoy awesome perks, free products and exclusive swag & offers! Help us create a gardening revolution and help others experience the joy of growing!
Leave a comment
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
No Comments yet! Be the first to start a conversation
Discovering the Festival of Lights: Hanukkah's History and Traditions
Written By Chelsea Hafer Often referred to as the Festival of Lights, hanukkah is a radiant celebration that illuminates the winter season with hope, unity, and tradition. Can you feel the warm glow of candlelight, the sizzle of potato latkes, and the ...
Ashleigh Smith2023-11-295 min read0
Stay Healthy - Foods to Eat This Winter
Written By Lara Wadsworth Staying healthy in the winter is always on the top list for health-conscious individuals. With flu season, less sunlight, cold temperatures, and back-to-school time, the winter season is often a hash of sickness after sickness...
Ashleigh Smith2023-11-285 min read0
Rediscovering Kamut: A Nutrient-Rich Journey
Written By Chelsea Hafer In the world of grains, Kamut stands as a venerable ancestor, a time-honored variety that has gracefully made its way back into the spotlight. The name Kamut, derived from the ancient Egyptian word for "wheat," paints a vivid p...
Ashleigh Smith2023-11-267 min read0
DIY Bird Seed Ornaments
Who doesn't enjoy watching birds out their window? I find birds absolutely mesmerizing to watch. The way they interact with each other and the environment is so much fun to observe. You can even stage their presence by providing a source of food. These...
Ashleigh Smith2023-11-263 min read1