New Year's Eve: A Night of Reflection and Revelry

Ashleigh Smith + photo

Ashleigh Smith

Dec 26
6 min read
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Chelsea Hafer Written By Chelsea Hafer

In the waning hours of the year, as darkness embraces the world and stars twinkle with a sense of anticipation, there's something truly magical in the air. It's a night that carries with it the weight of memories and the promise of new beginnings. New Year's Eve, a time-honored celebration observed across continents, bridges the divide between the past and the future. It's a night to bid farewell to the old and wholeheartedly embrace the new. It evokes feelings of nostalgia, hope, and the thrill of the unknown.

As you raise your glass and count down the seconds until midnight, have you ever wondered about the origins of this global celebration? What stories do the traditions and foods associated with New Year's Eve tell? Join us on a journey through time and culture as we unravel the rich history and tapestry of customs that make this night so special.

Origins of Celebrating the New Year

The origins of this celebration can be traced back thousands of years to the ancient civilizations of Babylon. These early revelers marked the advent of the new year during the first new moon after the vernal equinox, typically falling in late March. Their grand observance, known as Akitu, spanned an impressive 11 days and included unique rituals on each day.

Yet, Akitu was more than just a time of festivity; it held significant political significance as well. It was during this period that new kings ascended to the throne or the reigning monarch's divine mandate was symbolically renewed. Akitu was not only a celebration of the new year but also a reaffirmation of power and authority.

Across the globe, civilizations crafted their own calendars, often pegging the start of the new year to significant agricultural or astronomical events. In Egypt, it coincided with the annual flooding of the Nile, marked by the rise of the star Sirius. Meanwhile, the Lunar New Year commenced with the second new moon following the winter solstice.

The early Roman calendar was an intriguing entity, comprising 10 months and 304 days, with the new year commencing at the vernal equinox. Legend attributes its creation to Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, around the eighth century B.C. Later, Numa Pompilius, a subsequent king, introduced the months of Januarius and Februarius.

However, as centuries passed, the Roman calendar diverged from its solar alignment. In 46 B.C., Julius Caesar sought the counsel of esteemed astronomers and mathematicians, resulting in the Julian calendar. This calendar closely mirrors the Gregorian calendar in use today across most of the world.

Part of Caesar's reform included designating January 1 as the first day of the year. This choice was a nod to Janus, the Roman god of beginnings, who possessed two faces—one looking back into the past and the other gazing forward into the future. Romans marked the occasion with offerings to Janus, gift exchanges, laurel branch adornments, and spirited celebrations.

However, the history of New Year's Eve takes a twist as medieval Europe witnessed shifts in the calendar's structure. Christian leaders temporarily replaced January 1 with days of greater religious significance, such as December 25 (the birth of Jesus) and March 25 (the Feast of the Annunciation). It was Pope Gregory XIII who eventually reinstated January 1 as New Year's Day in 1582, cementing its place on the calendar.

New Year's Traditions

New Year's Eve, as we know it today, is a combination of traditions from throughout history. It's a night when countless traditions, each with its unique cultural resonance, harmonize in a symphony of celebration.


Eating for Good Luck - A common thread in New Year's Eve celebrations is the belief in consuming foods that usher in good fortune. In Spain, as the clock strikes midnight, people race to consume twelve grapes, symbolizing each month of the coming year. Eating all twelve grapes is said to ensure a year of luck and prosperity.

legume mix

Legumes and Prosperity - Legumes, believed to resemble coins, are a staple of New Year's Eve dishes in various cultures. Lentils in Italy and black-eyed peas in the southern United States are dishes laden with the promise of financial success.

ham slices

Pork for Progress - In many countries, pigs symbolize progress and prosperity. Hence, dishes featuring pork, from Austria to Portugal, grace New Year's Eve tables.

round cake

The Circle of Life - Round cakes and pastries, representing the cyclical nature of life, are featured in celebrations in the Netherlands, Mexico, Greece, and beyond. Some even hide trinkets or coins within the confection, promising luck to those who find them.

new years kiss

Midnight Kiss - The tradition of sharing a midnight kiss is steeped in history. Rooted in the ancient Roman festival of Saturnalia, kissing at midnight is believed to bring good luck and determine the fate of one's year.


New Year's Resolutions - The practice of making resolutions for the new year dates back thousands of years. Babylonians made promises to the gods, Romans returned borrowed farm equipment and settled debts, and today, individuals worldwide set goals for personal growth.


Fireworks and Noisemakers - The use of fireworks and noisemakers to welcome the new year can be traced back to 7th-century China. Fireworks were initially meant to ward off evil spirits and bring prosperity, with various colors symbolizing different types of luck.

hanging onions

Hanging Onions - An unusual tradition in Greece involves hanging onions on doors. While it may not make the home smell pleasant, it symbolizes growth and rebirth, with parents encouraging children to place onions on their heads to draw good luck.

Times Square New York

The Ball Drop - One of the most iconic New Year's Eve traditions is the dropping of a giant ball in New York City's Times Square at midnight. This practice began in 1907 and has since become a staple of the holiday.

toasting drinks

A Toast to the New Year - Finally, to cap off the celebrations, people around the world raise their glasses in a toast to welcome the new year. This tradition has its roots in Christianity, symbolizing the sharing of wine in the Eucharist.

As we stand on the cusp of a new year, let's revel in the diversity of customs that unite us in celebration on New Year's Eve. Each tradition is a thread in the rich tapestry of history, culture, and hope that makes this night so enchanting and universally cherished. So, as the clock counts down to midnight, let's raise our glasses to the past, present, and future, and toast to the promise of another year filled with dreams, adventures, and possibilities. Share your new year’s plans and resolutions in the comments below!

Chelsea Hafer, True Leaf Market Writer

Chelsea is a passionate advocate for sustainable agriculture and loves getting her hands dirty and watching things grow! She graduated from Georgetown University in 2022 with a degree in Environmental Justice and now resides in Park City, Utah, where she works as a ski instructor. Her love for nature extends to gardening and hiking, and she has gained valuable insights from working on farms in Italy, Hawaii, and Mexico, learning various sustainable agriculture techniques like permaculture and Korean Natural Farming.

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