Kale - Red Russian

Seed Amount:

Non-GMO Red Russian Kale (Brassica napus pabularia), also known as Ragged Jack, is a tender kale with bright red stems and forked oak leaf shaped leaves. Excellent as a baby green. Biennial treated as an annual. Grows in all zones, but prefers cooler climates.

Red Russian Kale - Vegetable Garden Seed

Red Russian Kale (Brassica napus pabularia), is also known commonly as Ragged Jack, like most other kales, is highly nutritious and great for salads. It gets its name from its origins in Siberia. Red Russian Kale is medium sized and more tender than other kale varieties. It has a mild sweet flavor and is great for salads, especially as a baby green. Will over-winter when planted in late fall. Frost improves the flavor, so if planted for a fall harvest, wait for the first frost to sweeten it.

Red Russian Kale will grow in all zones but does best in the cooler climates. It like full sun, but a little shade will be beneficial in the hottest climates. If harvested properly, kale will keep growing so you can get more crop from the same plant. Clip the bottom leaves first and leave the upper leaves near the bud intact.

Red Russian Kale is excellent for salads, and baby greens but can also be steamed, blanched, added to stews, soups, and stir fries.

Latin Name: Brassica napus pabularia
Variety: Red Russian
Other Names: Ragged Jack
Seeds per Oz: Approx 8,500
Days to Maturity: Approx 50-59

Non-GMO: Yes
Organic: No
Heirloom: Yes
Treated: No
Pelleted: No
Hybrid: No
Open Pollinated: Yes

Plant Type: Biennial
Hardiness Zone: All Zones
Uses: Cooking, Microgreens
Temp Preference: Cooler
Light Preference: Full Sun, Partial Shade in the warmest climates
Resistances: None

Comments: Very hearty, best enjoyed when leaves are fresh.

Seed Planting Depth Seeds per Ounce Germination Temperature Days to Germination Row Spacing Plant Spacing 100' Row Yield Sun
1/2inch, cover Approx 8,500 45 to 75 F 5 to 10 18-30 inches 18 inches N/A Full Sun

Sowing: Can be sown indoors or outdoors. If started outdoors, wait until after the last frost. Plant in early spring or midsummer for a fall harvest. Plant ½ inch down and cover with ¼ inch of soil. Water gently.

Transplanting: Dig a hole big enough for the entire root structure. Loosen the dirt around the root structure and place the plant in the hole up to the base of the plant. Water thoroughly. Holes should be at 18-24 inches apart.

Soil Preference: A nutrient rich loam, well drained. It’s best to add fertilizer.

Other Tips:Clip lower leaves first and the upper leaves will keep growing.

Growing Russian Kale Microgreens

Red Russian Kale Seeds: brassica oleracea
Seeding: Approx 1 Oz. of seed for a 10x20 inch tray
Seed Presoak: No
Growing Medium: hydroponic, soil
Preferred Medium: hydroponic for microgreens, soil for baby greens
Germination Rate: high
Germination Time: 2 to 3 days
Microgreens Harvest time: 8 to 12 days
Microgreens Ideal Harvest: 10 days
Baby Salad / Adult Stage Harvest: 16+ days (grow in soil)
Micro Greens Color: green
Micro Greens Flavor: fresh, mild
Learn More


  • Microgreens & baby salad greens
  • Garnishes & sandwiches
  • Sprouting
  • Survival Food Storage
  • Gardening
  • Cooking & seasoning
  • More

Notes & Growing Tips: Kale microgreens are easy to grow, and fairly fast growers. Hydroponic is the best choice on these delicious greens. We recommend flipping the lid to stress the greens on day 4 and 5, before exposing fully to light.

Kale has a nice mild flavor. It makes a great choice as a base to any microgreens salad.

***Note: Although we have indicated the specific medium that this particular seed prefers, you can still experiment with either soil or hydroponic mediums. Results may vary.

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